In the past, Gwadar was a part of Sultanate of Oman, which was annexed/merged into Pakistan in 1958. In the early days it was given a status of a Sub Division in the defunct Mekran District. Gwadar was notified as a district in July, 1977 with its headquarter at Gwadar Town. Gwadar district is located from 25°-01’ to 25°-45’ north latitudes and from 61”-37 to 56”-15’ east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Kech and Awaran district, on the east by Lasbela district, on the south by the Arabian Sea and on the west by Iran. The district comprises of Gwadar and Pasni sub-divisions.
Gwadar is spread over an area of 15,216 Square Kilometers. It is one of the attractive coastal areas of the region. The district is along the sea-board. Most of its area lies on south of the Mekran coast range. The coastline of Gwadar district is about 600 kilometers long. Gwadar is considered as the most important district in Mekran Division. Gwadar is a semi-desert coastal strip in the south of Balochistan, along the coast of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
CPEC project is the most popular recent Pakistan China project which runs through Mekran’s Major cities from Gwadar to Panjgur. Pak-China economic corridor is a developmental mega project which aims to connect Gwadar Port in Central Asia, and aims mega development in near future for trade and commerce.
DISTRICT GWADAR AT A GLANCE
Union Councils: 18
Municipal Committees: 02
Town Committees: 02
District Council: 01
Wards (Gwadar 36, Jiwani 13, Ormara 23, Pasni 26) 98 Total No. of Wards in District Gwadar
Area: 15,216 Square Kilometers
Population: 263514 ( 2017 census)
Male: 53.60 %
Female: 46.40 %
Sex Ratio: males 100 females 120
Population Density: 14.7 per Sq. Km
Urban Population: 54.00 %
Rural Population: 46.00 %
Average Household Size: 7
Literacy Ratio: 45 % approx
The district is under the general charge of a Deputy Commissioner who combines the functions of a District Magistrate as well as Collector. He is also responsible for the co-ordination of the functions of all nation-building departments in the district. Gwadar was notified as a district on 1st July, 1977. When the Mekran district was given the status of a division and was divided into three districts. For administrative purposes the whole district is divided into two sub-divisions Gwadar and Pasni. These sub-divisions are further divided into tehsils and sub-tehsils as under.
Name of Sub-Divisions:
- Gwadar Tehsil
- Pasni Tehsil
- Jiwani Tehsil
- Ormara Tehsil
- Suntsar Sub-Tehsil
Deputy Commissioner is assisted by Additional Deputy Commissioners at district level and by assistant commissioners at the sub-division levels, by Tehsildar at the tehsil level and by Naib-Tehsildar at the sub-tehsil level. Deputy Commissioner is also responsible for maintenance of law and order situation in the district.
The district is supervised by a Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) who is assisted by Station DPO and Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). There are 4 police stations in the district at Gwadar, Pasni, Ormara and Jiwani.
Gwadar district is divided into two areas as far as law enforcement is concerned area “B” is controlled by the Balochistan Levies force headed by the Deputy Commissioner of the district. The Deputy Commissioner controls the levies through Assistant Commissioners, Tehsildars, and Naib-Tehsildars.
Mekran Coastal highway, stretched approximately 653 km is one of the major highways of the country. National Highway Authority started this mega road link in 2003 and completed in a record time of 1.5 years. Mekran Coastal Highway is serving as a vital route for the national and international of transits of Gwadar, Turbat and its affiliated areas.
Gwadar Development Authority has also constructed various Roads such Jinnah Avenue, Marine Drive, Rakhsani Avenue, Padizar Avenue and Pasni Avenue. M-8 ,Gwadar Reto Dero Motorway stretched approximately 895 Kms. International standardized motorway project has been launched in September 2004 which is in progress, Gwadar Kashgar Motor Way is a major initiative for encouraging investment and unleashing new routes for mega trans linking Gwadar to Turbat and Hoshab. The project is divided into 3 sections, namely Gwadar- Turbat Section I (A). Gwadar- Turbat Section II (B) and Turbat Hoshab Section III.
Pre-feasibility study of Broad Gauge railway linkage of Gwadar–Mastung and Quetta is under study of Ministry of Railways Government of Pakistan. It is planned that Gwadar will be linked through Rail with all over Pakistan and also to central Asian states.
Gwadar is located at international air routs, there are 4 airports (Gwadar, Pasni, Ormara, and Jiwani) in the district, of which 2 (Gwadar and Pasni) are international airports. At Gwadar, the airport is in operation that is linked to Karachi via PIA (Pakistan International Airlines) being the major service provider with direct flights to Karachi. The New airport Project is in progress with the help of China.
Bus, Van and TOD vehicle services operate daily towards Karachi, Turbat, Quetta and other towns of the district including Pasni, Jiwani, Ormara, Suntsar, Pishukan, Sur Bandan, and Nigore. There are more than 7 Karachi bound transport companies which have air conditioned coach facilities.
Other services like TOD and taxi public transport services have modern, luxurious and air conditioned cars providing better services that is being employed by visitors, investors and government officials to travel within Gwadar district.
Gwadar has a semi urban population with habitants belonging to Panjgur, Turbat and affiliated rural towns of Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab. The Baloch constitute approximately 98% of the population in the district while the remaining part includes Brahvis, Sindhis, Pushtuns, Punjabis and others. Balochi is the language spoken in almost all the homes in the district whereas Urdu is the second major Language of the district. Being a district of Balochistan, tribes exist in Gwadar. Society is semi tribal and liberal and family decision making is concerned. Baloch tribes i-e Hoot, Gihcki, Kauhda, Meer, Kalmati, Dashti and Rind are among prominent tribes in Gwadar.